Foreign Direct Investment in the Banking Sector oj the Baltic Countries

Olenchenko Vladimir
Foreign Direct Investment in the Banking Sector oj the Baltic Countries / Olenchenko Vladimir

Publication Type:
Articles in Journals

 At the end of the twentieth century the Baltic States began the process of sequential displacement of local businesses from the banking sector to foreign capital, represented by Nordic banks, mainly Swedish and Finnish. The article notes that local banks are engaged primarily in niche businesses and have not any potential to be a serious competitor to the Nordic, which have a universal banking. It is emphasized that banks with national capital (Latvia - 19 %, in Lithuania - 4.2 %, Estonia - 3 %) in the Baltic banking market does not play a decisive role. The presence of foreign capital in the banking sector in the Baltic States has now reached a level at which the financial stability of the republics is directly dependent on a stable operation of foreign banks.

Keywords: foreign direct investment | the baltic states | the banking sector | the structure of the banking sector | the legal framework of banking | the central bank | the classification of banks | the market of banking services | issuance | northern european bank capital | the concentration of capital | the pareto principle | a niche business |

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