Makeev Yu., Salitskii Alexander, Semenova N., Zhao S.
Energy Transformation in China: Perspectives and Obstacles
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ISSN 2542-0240

DOI 10.31249/kgt/2022.02.01

Sustainable development an important component of ecological is the core of China’s ecological strategy policy, besides, the government undertakes which includes climate problems as its part. It gigantic projects which change the nature, for means that industrial development remains example a massive transfer of water from the southern rivers to the northern regions. Also, sustainable development is understood in China as one of the means to reduce poverty and has a complex social content. Energy transformation in China has accelerated during the 12th-13th five year plans (2011-2020), however coal remains the main source of energy for the world largest manufacturing power taking more than 56 percent of total consumption. Major national goals include now “creating of beautiful China” and some current plans to accelerate energy transformation are viewed in the article as well as a short history of the power sector of China’s economy in this century. Important part of the study is devoted to the analysis of “green” financial services, which are developing in modern China with growing speed. Despite tempting, the plans for speedy reforms and structural changes in energy sector run across major obstacles. They include efficiency and cost problems, the giant scope of the energy sector. Another set of obstacles comes from deep divide on climate problems and sustainable development in general between the developed and developing countries.


Keywords: China | energy balance | energy transition | carbon neutrality | green finance system |

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