Zaklyazminskaya Ekaterina
China’s Scientific and Technological Potential under US Technological Sanctions // Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2022. Vol. 92, Issue 5. P. 643–649. DOI 10.1134/S1019331622050070.
Publication Type:

ISSN 1555-6492

DOI 10.1134/S1019331622050070

Since the beginning of the 21st century, China has been accelerating its transition to an innovative economy. Several breakthrough inventions by Chinese engineers and designers have demonstrated that this country is not only a “world factory” but also a competitive developer of high-tech products. China’s development has begun to threaten the technological leadership of Western countries. The competitiveness of Chinese scientific and technological developments in the world market is analyzed, and the position of the so-called unicorn companies in the global startup market is evaluated. Government support measures that contribute to the growth of research and development costs are characterized, and the main risks and threats faced by China in its transition to a new technological order are highlighted. The author of the article comes to the following conclusions. The policy of containment of China pursued by Western countries is determined by the growth of the competitiveness of Chinese developments and is primarily aimed at industries in which the country has managed to take a leading position. The high share of R&D spending in China is supported by a preferential tax policy. The effectiveness of Chinese developments is determined by the strategic planning of research areas by the authorities. The main risks in the development of Chinese science are associated with sanctions pressure on sensitive sectors of the national economy, among which the ban on the supply of semiconductor products to Chinese companies poses the greatest threat.

Keywords: China | United States | sanctions | innovations | investments | financing | technological leadership | R&D | trade war |


Desyatsky Ekaterina
The impact of sanctions against Huawei on the relationship between the US and the EU in terms of deployment of 5G

Zaklyazminskaya Ekaterina
Научно-технический потенциал Китая в условиях технологических санкций США // Вестник Российской академии наук. 2022. Т. 92, № 9. С. 885-892. DOI 10.31857/S0869587322090122.

Ivanova Natalya
Будущее в настоящем / Н.И. Иванова // Прямые инвестиции. – 2008. – № 5. – С. 4-7.

Lukonin Sergey
Торговая война Китай-США: Осакский раунд [Текст] / С. А. Луконин // Russia Policy Review [на корейском языке]. – 2019. – Т. 3. – № 3. – С. 24-27.

Rogozhin Alexander
Торговая война или сложные переговоры?: интервью [Текст] / А. А. Рогожин ; беседу вел И. Скогорев // Национальный банковский журнал. – 2018. – № 5 (171). – С. 78-80.

Mikheev Vasily , Lukonin Sergey
Китай-США: многовекторность торговой войны [Текст] / В. В. Михеев, С. А. Луконин // Russia Policy Review [на корейском языке]. – 2019. – Т. 3. – № 1. – С. 44-55.

Salitskii Alexander, Salitskaya E.A.
США – Китай: тупики и парадоксы торговой войны // Вестник Российской академии наук. 2020. Т. 90, № 7. С. 653-663. DOI 10.31857/S0869587320070099.

Selyanin Yaroslav
Management System in the U.S.: the Case of AI-Related Projects // USA & Canada: Economics – Politics – Culture. – 2022. – Issue 9 C. 95-113 .

Gamza Leonid
Тесhnological Confrontation between theUS and China in theAsia-Pacific Region

Vasiliev Victor
Strategic imperatives of Germany / Vasilyev V.I. // Observer. - 2018. - № 3. - P. 6 - 25.

Dmitriev Sergey
Американо-китайские внешнеэкономические связи на этапе "частичного разъединения" // США и Канада: экономика, политика, культура. 2023. № 8. С. 69-79. DOI 10.31857/S2686673023080072.

Mikheev Vasily , Lukonin Sergey, Ignatev Sergei
Китай и глобальное лидерство. [Текст] / В.В. Михеев, С.А. Луконин, С.В. Игнатьев // Russia Policy Review. – 2017. – Т. 1. – № 3. – С. 33-43.

Yevtodyeva Marianna
Japan: New Trends in Research and Development of Defense and Dual-Use Technologies

Bogacheva Olga
Актуальные вопросы организации государственного финансирования НИОКР в странах ОЭСР [Текст] / О. В. Богачева, О. В. Смородинов // Научно-исследовательский финансовый институт. Финансовый журнал. – 2019. – № 2 (48). – С. 37-50. DOI: 10.31107/2075-1990-2019-2-37-50.

Portansky Alexey
Игра по правилам или право сильного. Что ждет мировую торговлю? // Мир перемен. 2021. № 2. С. 70-83. DOI 10.51905/2073-3038_2021_2_70.

Portansky Alexey
«Война санкций»: амбиции и реальность [Текст] / А.П. Портанский // The New Times. – 2015. – 40 (388). – С. 28 – 31.

Vakhrushin Ivan
The US Policy of Sanctions and Restrictions against China. Beijing’s Tactical Countermeasures and Strategic Counteraction Potential

Ivanova Natalya
Векторы инновационной модернизации в мировой экономике / в сб.: Проблемы инновационной модернизации российской экономики: Материалы экспертной дискуссии, состоявшейся в Российской академии народного хозяйства и государственной службы при Президенте Российской Федерации в рамках Гайдаровского форума 13-15 января 2016 г. Отв. ред. д.э.н., проф. Кушлин В.И. – М.: Издательский дом «Дело» РАНХиГС, 2016. С.11-24.

Varnavskii Vladimir
The US Role in the World Manufacturing and Trade as a Global Issue

Lomanov Alexander
Циркуляция против изоляции // Россия в глобальной политике. 2021. Т. 19, № 3 (109). С. 8-20.
Related publications

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment

First news
Institute News

A meeting of the Academic council of IMEMO was hold at the Academician N.N. Inozemtsev conference hall.



The next issue of the MEMO Journal (No. 7 for 2024) opens with the topical rubric "Security Problems in the Modern World", which features articles by A. Arbatov "The Bearing Structure of Global Security" and A. Krivopalov "The Southern Flank of U.S. Deployment in Eastern Europe".


Recently Published