Bogacheva Olga
Актуальные вопросы организации государственного финансирования НИОКР в странах ОЭСР [Текст] / О. В. Богачева, О. В. Смородинов // Научно-исследовательский финансовый институт. Финансовый журнал. – 2019. – № 2 (48). – С. 37-50. DOI: 10.31107/2075-1990-2019-2-37-50.
Publication Type:


ISSN 2075-1990

DOI 10.31107/2075-1990-2019-2-37-50

The article focuses on several challenges that OECD countries are currently facing when planning and providing public funding of R&D sphere. These issues are analyzed within more general framework - increase of efficiency of public spending of R&D and Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) sector as a whole. The authors examine application of public R&D funding based on socio-economic classification (Frascati Manual 2015), optimal choice of forms and instruments of R&D public funding, which is linked with desired outputs and socio-economic outcomes, and methodologies of efficiency evaluation of public funding of R&D in OECD. Moreover, the authors draw the conclusion about marked extension of the list and variety of forms, methods and instruments of R&D public funding after 2007-08 global financial crisis. In addition to traditional institutional (block grants) and project financing, new form - Research Excellence Initiative (REI) - has evolved. It combines features of institutional core funding (long-termed, program format, etc.) with competitive organization and outcome orientation. It is especially efficient and effective when the focus is made on exceptional quality of research, interdisciplinary and multi-university studies. Integration of performance budgeting elements in institutional funding (e.g., performance contracts) is another noticeable trend in the evolution of public financing in OECD countries during the last decade. At the same time, the certain limits of project-based financing and application of competitive mechanisms in organization of R&D public funding became more evident, because of shorter terms and more risks associated with such projects. One more conclusion refers to wider application of holistic approach to efficiency evaluation of R&D public funding in OECD countries, when efficiency is evaluated at every stage of R&D process. Results of the research can be used in spending reviews in R&D or STI area as well as in recommendations for increasing efficiency of public governance of these areas.



Russian Science Citation Index



OTHER PUBLICATIONS ON THIS TOPIC

Gracheva Mariya
Efficiency of the medium-term planning of federal expenditures in Germany: accuracy of budgetary projections

Gracheva Mariya
Federal Spending Planning in Germany: Accuracy of Projections

Gracheva Mariya
The Introduction of Spending Review into the Budget Process in Germany

Bogacheva Olga, Feoktistova O.A.
Methodological approaches to assessing the standard costs for R&D

Bogacheva Olga
Создание в России системы учета налоговых расходов при бюджетном планировании и оценке эффективности бюджетных расходов [Текст] / О.В. Богачева // Бухгалтерский учет в бюджетных и некоммерческих организациях. – 2015. – № 1 (361). – С. 27 – 33.

Zaklyazminskaya Ekaterina
China’s Scientific and Technological Potential under US Technological Sanctions // Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2022. Vol. 92, Issue 5. P. 643–649. DOI 10.1134/S1019331622050070.

Yevtodyeva Marianna
Japan: New Trends in Research and Development of Defense and Dual-Use Technologies

Gracheva Mariya
Federal spending planning in Germany: main structural changes

Gracheva Mariya
Efficiency of the medium-term planning of federal expenditures in Germany: main structural changes

Bogacheva Olga
The principle of total (aggregate) expenditure coverage and special-purpose budget revenues

Bogacheva Olga
Defining the main types of research and development for purposes of shaping state R&D policy in Russia and in OECD countries

Gracheva Mariya
Federal spending planning in Germany: main structural changes. Nauchno-analiticheskij vestnik IE RAN 31(7): 148-157. (in Russian). DOI:10.15211/vestnikieran12023148157

Bogacheva Olga, Smorodinov O., Begchin N.
Spending Reviews as an Instrument for Public Finance Management in OECD Countries: Theoretical Aspect

Zaklyazminskaya Ekaterina
Научно-технический потенциал Китая в условиях технологических санкций США // Вестник Российской академии наук. 2022. Т. 92, № 9. С. 885-892. DOI 10.31857/S0869587322090122.

Bogacheva Olga, Smorodinov O.
Criteria for formation of public financial support system for R&D projects with the participation of business

Kvashnin Yuri, Ponedelko Galina
The Development of Stable Tourism in the European Union

Gracheva Mariya
Новые технологии подготовки федерального бюджета Германии: анализ бюджетных расходов. — Глава 7 в: Германия. 2018 / Белов В. (отв. ред.) — Доклады Института Европы РАН № 361. — ИЕ РАН Москва, 2019. — С. 126.

Bogacheva Olga, Smorodinov O.
Financial Support for Research, Development and Engineering Instruments and Technology Readiness Levels

Mirkin Yakov , ,
Руководство по организации эмиссии и обращения корпоративных облигаций. М.: Альпина бизнес букс, 2004, 385 с.

Ivanova Natalya
Financial Support for Science
Related publications


Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







First news
Institute News
13/06/2024

On June 13, 2024, the Conference “New World Order and Technological Revolution” of the IMEMO Center for International Security will be held in the Academician Inozemtsev conference hall (3rd floor).

more...

10/06/2024

On June 10, 2024, the website of the journal “Russia in Global Affairs” published an article “Victory in Defiance” by Leyla Turayanova on the June 4 results of general elections to the lower house of parliament in India.

more...

Recently Published