The 9th International Scientific and Expert Forum Primakov Readings (the second day)


The first day of the Forum


PANEL DISCUSSION 4. Special session with participation of Alexey Likhachev, Director General of the State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom"

© Photo: S. Kliuev


PANEL DISCUSSION 5. Russia-Africa: From Program Guidelines to Cooperation Practices

In 2023, the second Russia-Africa summit was held, at which issues of political, economic and humanitarian cooperation between Russia and Africa in the era of the formation of a new world order were discussed. Both Russia and Africa have an understanding that in order to truly liberate themselves from colonial dependence and defend their own sovereignty, as well as to ensure security in the broad sense of the word, it is necessary not only to transfer our cooperation to a new strategic level, but also to move from general declarations to a concrete step-by-step plan for the implementation of all the tasks we have set. What areas of cooperation between Russia and Africa will ensure accelerated growth of our economies? What mechanisms and instruments of our interaction should be developed first? Can we jointly resist illegitimate sanctions and other forms of pressure from the collective West? What new areas of cooperation could be of most interest to our states? How important is the humanitarian component of Russian-African relations?

© Photo: S. Kliuev

Moderator – Irina Abramova, Director of the Institute of Africa of the Russian Academy of Sciences 

Mikhail Bogdanov, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation

Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of Uganda (online)

Thabo Mbeki, South African politician, the second President of the Republic of South Africa (1999–2008) 

Ibrahim Kamel, Founder and Chairman of KATO Investment, Egypt

Mustafa Bello, Founder and Chairman of the Mustafa Bello Foundation for Small Enterprise Development, former Minister of Commerce of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999-2002)

Siroj Loikov, First Deputy CEO, Member of the Board of Directors, PJSC PhosAgro

Andrey Severilov, Chairman of the Board of Directors of FESCO Transportation Group

PANEL DISCUSSION 6. Central Asia, South Caucasus and Russia in Search of New Development Models

In recent years, the confrontation on security issues between Russia and Western countries has moved into a phase of direct military and political confrontation in Ukraine. Opposition to Russia's special military operation has become an idèe fixe of the policy of the United States and a number of Western countries. At the same time, the resulting large-scale crisis turned out to be an important component of the process of transformation of the world politics and the formation of a polycentric world order. This process is likely to take quite a long period of time. In the meantime, the world is becoming, as it has been for centuries of human history, more "anarchic" and less predictable. Different countries are adapting to changing circumstances in their own way and are in search of effective development models. Of particular interest is the experience of searching for their own path of development by the countries of South Caucasus and Central Asia, which occupy an important place in modern Eurasia.

© Photo: S. Kliuev

Moderator – Sergey Lebedev, General Secretary of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Erkin Tukumov, Director of the Kazakhstan Institute for Strategic Studies (KazISS) under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Akramjon Nematov, First Deputy Director of the Institute for Strategic and Regional Studies (ISRS) under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan 

Alexander Iskandaryan, Director of Caucasus Institute, Armenia

Farid Shafiev, Chairman of the Center of Analysis of International Relations (AIR Center), Azerbaijan

Li Xin, Director of the Research Institute of Eurasian Studies, Professor of the Shanghai University of Political Science and Law, China 

Eduard Solovyev, Head of the Center for Post-Soviet Studies at Primakov Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO)

Stanislav Pritchin, Senior Researcher at the Center for Post-Soviet Studies at Primakov Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO)

PANEL DISCUSSION 7. The Baltis: Dangerous Waters?

For centuries, the Baltics has been a space of economic, cultural and political interaction between countries and peoples. Many times the shores and waters of the Baltic Sea have been a zone of power confrontation. But battles and wars ended, and competition developed simultaneously with cooperation and mutual influence. Today, in an increasingly interdependent world, there are risks of the Greater Baltic Sea Region turning into a region of Europe, where military and political tensions are growing fastest, and interstate and cross-border cooperation is declining amid mutual fears. Meanwhile, everyone in the Baltic Sea region faces common challenges. The normal system of regional trade and communication has been disrupted, social, economic and cultural ties that have grown over decades are disintegrating, common environmental problems are becoming increasingly acute and can only be solved together.


Moderator – Feodor Voitolovsky, Director of Primakov Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO) 

Anton Alikhanov, Governor of the Kaliningrad Region 

Tarja Kronberg, Research Fellow at Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), former Member of the Parliament of Finland (2003-2007), former Member of the European Parliament (2011-2014), Finland 

Alexander Grushko, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation

Alexey Gromyko, Director of the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Nadezhda Arbatova, Head of the Department for European Political Studies, Primakov Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO)


PANEL DISCUSSION 8. Rise of the Global South

Not so long ago, discussions about the "rise of the Global South" were nothing more than a tribute to intellectual fashion. But radical changes have taken place in recent years: today, two of the world's five largest economies belong to the Global South, and the phrase itself is increasingly being heard on global platforms. Developing countries are asserting their subjectivity, trying to break the hierarchy that has been developed over the centuries, demanding that former metropolises repent for centuries of colonial oppression and renounce neo-colonialism. How far will this process of subjectivity go? Will the Global South be able to speak with one voice to defend its interests?

© Photo: S. Kliuev

Moderator – Anatoly Torkunov, Rector of MGIMO University, Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Pankaj Saran, Convenor of NatStrat, Member of the National Security Advisory Board, India

José Ramón Cabañas, Director of the Center for International Policy Studies, Republic of Cuba

Venkatesh Varma, former Ambassador of India to the Russian Federation (2018–2021)

Saiful Hoque, former Ambassador of the People's Republic of Bangladesh to the Russian Federation (2009–2019)

Feodor Voitolovsky, Director of Primakov Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO) 

West uses Israel as its actor - Ali Al-Ahmad (28.11.2023,

We will see new world order in near future - Saiful Hoque (28.11.2023,

Philippine public perception towards Russia is very high - Vene Seane Aljas (28.11.2023,

We are fully focused on evacuation of our citizens - Russian Foreign Ministry (28.11.2023,

Russia was preparing for Western sanctions before February 2022 - Rosatom CEO (28.11.2023,

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