International Annual Scientific Conference "Lomonosov Readings" "Human and Social Capital of Russia: New Challenges and Opportunities"


From April 17 to 19, 2024, the International Annual Scientific Conference "Lomonosov Readings" – "Human and Social Capital of Russia: New Challenges and Opportunities" is being held at the Faculty of Economics of Lomonosov Moscow State University.

On April 18, 2024, employees of the Center for Comparative Socio-Economic and Political Studies of IMEMO took part in the thematic area of the conference "Man and Labor: Evolution of Approaches to the Study, Development of Management".

Within the framework of the session "Transformation of the Labor Market and Social and Labor Relations in Modern Conditions" Evgeniya Syndyashkina, Senior Researcher, Associate Professor, Cand. of Science (Economics), made a report on the topic "Non-Standard Forms of Employment in the Labor Market and Risks for Pension Systems". The report focused on the problems of self-employment. Various aspects of pension provision for the self-employed in OECD countries and in Russia were considered – coverage by solidarity and funded systems, the amount of contributions, the ratio of pensions of the self-employed and employees, the risks of erosion of the pension insurance base. The author concluded by assessing the applicability of foreign experience of pension provision for the self-employed in Russian conditions.

The report by Alexey Zenkov, Senior Researcher, Cand. of Science (Politics), on the topic "Efficiency of Organizing Professional Training in New Technological and Social Conditions" was presented as part of the session "Human Capital Development in the Conditions of Digitalization". In his presentation, the author analyzed the most common approaches to assessing the effectiveness of professional training, characterized their key advantages and disadvantages. Special attention was paid to the review of measures that, in the opinion of the speaker, could improve the efficiency of the vocational education system in our country, among which were highlighted: improving the quality of training of applicants for more successful and "seamless" admission to institutions of secondary and higher vocational education; strengthening the coordination of schools, universities and employers in the issues of professional development, additional training and retraining of teachers and higher education teachers; introduction of the latest systems of profiling and tracking career development trajectories of specialists before and after receiving professional education; creating attractive conditions for retaining personnel within the country.

Ilya Udovenko, Senior Researcher, Cand. of Science (Pedagogics), in his presentation on the topic "Human Capital Addition: Parameters of the Responsible Development Model" presented empirical data indicating "failures" in the work of the human capital theory. While in developing countries the connection between investments in education, health care and the increase in national wealth is still visible, for developed countries investments in human capital are increasingly "irrevocable", acting, de facto, as a false guarantee of economic growth. The author views the emerging contradictions in a positive way – as an impetus and an opportunity to rethink certain provisions of economics and sociology of labor – and asks about the limits of human capital growth under changing conditions. In the author's opinion, a possible way out of the crisis situation could be the development of approaches linking the shares of skilled labor in the overall results of economic activity with the real needs of the economy.

Within the framework of the session "Population Development Policy at the Federal, Regional, Corporate Level" a report on the topic "Family Policy of the Central-Eastern Region of Europe" was delivered by Kseniia Subkhangulova, Research Fellow, Cand. of Science (Economics). The report examined the general and specific components of family policy in the countries of the Central-Eastern Region of Europe, identified the main problems and achievements arising from the implementation of family policy measures, and analyzed key indicators characterizing the demographic situation in the Central-Eastern Region of Europe countries. The region's family policy has both advantages and disadvantages, which has a dual impact on its overall demographic potential. In the author's opinion, the situation, according to the author, could be improved by measures aimed at popularizing and promoting the traditional institution of marriage, strengthening the financial protection of families with children, reducing the household burden on women-mothers while simultaneously expanding the rights of fathers to care for their children.

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