Roundtable Conference The Middle East factor in relations between Russia and the United States: from the Eisenhower -Dulles doctrine to the present day


The roundtable conference on the topic “The Middle East factor in relations between Russia and the United States: from the Eisenhower -Dulles doctrine to the present day” was held at the International Media Group “Rossiya Segodnya” on March 9, 2022. 

The participants were: 
- Deputy Chairman of the Council of the Association of Russian Diplomats, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation Andrey BAKLANOV;
- Senior Researcher for the Center for Arab and Islamic Studies of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the RAS Igor MATVEEV;
- Associate Professor for the School of World Politics of the Lomonosov Moscow State University Alexey FENENKO;
- Senior Researcher for the Group on Common Problems in the Region of the Center for the Middle East Studies of the IMEMO Nikolai Surkov.


65 years ago, on March 9, 1957, President of the USA Dwight Eisenhower signed a foreign policy program, enabling the state to provide economic and military assistance to any of the Middle Eastern countries, which turnes to the United States and considers it independence to be under threat. The document went down in history under the name of the authors – the Eisenhower-Dulles doctrine – and was aimed at consolidation of the leading position of the United States in the Middle East after the Suez crisis of 1956.

The termination of the doctrine did not mean that the United States had abandoned the perception of the region as a sphere of influence. Looking for an excuse to "defend" or to intervene is a favorite manner of the White House, which has been actively practiced over the years and is now spreading all over the world.

The participants of the meeting discussed the following issues:
• How has the policy of the USA in the Middle East changed over the past years? 
• What kind of tools does the White House use to advance its goals in the world?
• What kind of position will the states of the Middle East stand for in the light of the current geopolitical confrontation of the Russia and the USA?
• How do the interests of Russia and of the United States intersect in the region?
• How will the Arab monarchies of the Persian Gulf, who allied to Washington, behave in relations with Russia?

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