// Pathways to Peace and Security. 2014. No 2(47). P. 13-27
The article questions the outdated interpretation of any regional militant-terrorist actors of the radical Islamist type as direct “products” of the process of the top-down regionalization of al-Qaeda. Instead it argues that the cutting edge of the evolution of transnational Islamist terrorism is formed by two only partially overlapping processes: the network fragmentation of the global jihad movement, including in the West, and the bottom-up, rather than top-down, regionalization of violent Islamism as demonstrated by the phenomenon of the Islamic State in Iraq and Levant (ISIL).
Islamic State in Iraq and Levant (ISIL), transnational terrorism, Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, network fragmentation, “global jihad”, regionalization