The Changing Arctic: Vision of Prospects for Sustainable Development of Northern Regions

78
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-9-112-117

A. Kuznetsov (kuznetsov_alexei@mail.ru),
Institute of Scientific Information for Social Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences (INION RAN), 15-2, Krzhizhanovskogo Str., 117218, Moscow, Russian Federation;
E. Nikitina (elenanikitina@bk.ru),
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., 117997, Moscow, Russian Federation;
Y. Baronina (ubaronina@mail.ru),
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., 117997, Moscow, Russian Federation 



Abstract

The Arctic is facing a combination of changes in environmental, socio-economic, institutional and legal frameworks which define the futures of sustainable development of the northern regions. Impact of climate change is among the key variables in selection of societal responses to emerging challenges and to design of adaptive governance options under ongoing transformations. Innovative system of climate services in the Arctic is one of its core elements; it is at the initial stages of formation, and active international discussion is underway today about the emerging global, regional and national markets for climate services. The authors present methods and results of joint research conducted by IMEMO RAS as a partner of 44 members of international scientific consortia Blue Action under the EU Horizon-2020 Research and Innovation Programme. The article discusses major approaches to climate services for sustainable development in the Arctic, including the requirements of the end-users from various sectors and activities. It describes the participatory co-design of their future structure and challenges identified by various stakeholders from the North, as well as their vision incorporated into three foresight scenarios for Yamal 2040 that had been developed by the project partners. Among them are the so-called “Reinventing Itself”, “Gas Boom” and “Snow Queen”. They are based on a set of environmental, socio-economic, technological and political factors and drivers of the Arctic change that might affect the pathways for Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (YNAO) sustainable development. The outcomes from these scenarios allow various stakeholders to identify possible opportunities and risks, and to undertake beforehand the effective response actions to adapt to future transformations. 


Keywords

IMEMO, Arctic, Arctic change, climate services, participatory co-design, three scenarios for Yamal-2040, Blue Action, Horizon-2020 


REFERENCES

1. Stephen K. Societal Impacts of a Rapidly Changing Arctic. Current Climate Change Reports, 2018, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 223-237. DOI:10.1007/s40641-018-0106-1 Available at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs40641-018-0106-1 (accessed 02.05.2019).

2. Mir 2035. Global’nyi prognoz [World 2035. Global forecast]. Dynkin A.A., ed. Moscow, Magistr, 2017. 312 p.

3. AMAP 2017. Adaptation Actions for a Changing Arctic. Perspectives from the Barents area. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP). Oslo, Norway. 2017, 267 p. Available at: https://www.amap.no/documents/download/2981/inline (accessed 05.05.2019).

4. Porfir’ev B.N., Terent’ev N.E. Upravlenie klimaticheskimi riskami dlya razvitiya rossiiskoi Arktiki: prioritet adaptatsii [Climate risk management for the development of the Russian Arctic: adaptation priority]. Upravlenie riskom, 2016, no. 4, pp. 40-48.

5. Young O.R. Adaptive governance for a changing Arctic. Lunde L., Yang J., Stensdal I., eds. Asian Countries and the Arctic Future. World Scientific, Singapore, 2015, pp. 15-33.

6. Gabriel J. A scientific enquiry into the future. European Journal of Futures Research, 2014. DOI:10.1007/s40309-013-0031-4 Available at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs40309-013-0031-4 (accessed 08.05.2019).

7. Nikitina E. N. Arkticheskie transformatsii: TNK pered novymi vyzovami ustoichivogo razvitiya [Arctic transformations: multinationanal companies facing the new challenges of sustainable development]. Outlines of global transformations: politics, economics, law, 2018, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 65-87. DOI:10.23932/2542-0240-2018-11-1-65-87

8. Dale T., Miller R., Vangsbo P., Mettiainen I., Ballester J., Kolstad E., Bearzotti Ch. Developing and Valuing Climate Services and Information Services: Case Studies. Blue-Action Workpackage 5, September 2018. 8 p. Available at: https://www.imemo.ru/files/File/en/Projects/Blue-Action/Blue%20Action_August2018.pdf (accessed 08.05.2019). 


Registered in system SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Kuznetsov A., Nikitina E., Baronina Y. The Changing Arctic: Vision of Prospects for Sustainable Development of Northern Regions. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2019, vol. 63, No 9, pp. 112-117. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-9-112-117



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed
 
Current Issue
2019, vol. 63, No. 11
Topical Themes of the Issue:
• Dreams and Realities of Arms Control
• Influence of Exchange Rate on Foreign Trade Indicators: Methodological Issues
• External Challenges as Domestic Modernization’s Driving Force: World Experience
• Chinese Investments in the Russian Far East
View This Issue (2019, vol. 63, No. 11)
Send article

Dear readers!
Please note that free access to full-text issues of the Journal is being opened at our WEB-site after 6 months of the date of publications. Currently, the releases of 2015–2018 are available for free. The work on deepening the open archive of full-text issues will be continued.

Dear readers!
This is to inform the researchers of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations that electronic version of the 3-nd issue of 2019 of French magazine Politique étrangère is now available. Those who are interested, please personally address to the editorial staff of MEMO Journal (room 18-17) with an electronic media (e-mailing is not possible because of technical reasons).

NEW SECTION

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“The Common Spaces”. The XX century was marked by the process of active development of the so-called common spaces, namely the World ocean, outer space and the Internet which, due to various reasons, were previously perceived as peripheral for the mankind and were not used at all or less intensively. Since then, the degree of their development and usage is constantly increasing. Even though the prospects of obtaining material dividends from their use are often extremely remote, the level of competition there is steadily increasing, resulting in growing inter-state conflicts’ potential.

“Silk Road and prospects of Great Eurasia”. It is planned to publish materials concerning the Chinese project of Silk Road and its impact on the socio-economic development of various countries in Eurasia and the integration processes in this mega-region.

“Africa today and tomorrow”The rubric devoted to contemporary issues of Africa which is attracting growing interest of the world's leading actors. We plan to publish the articles analyzing the status of statehood, socio-economic and political development of the countries of Black continent, as well as the integration processes between them.

“Civilization processes of modern development” is a new rubric opened by MEMO Journal in 2020. It will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of civilizational factors and inter-civilizational interactions on the political and socio-economic development of the world at whole, regions and countries.

Dear colleagues, authors and readers!

We kindly request you to turn to editor-in-chief and executive secretary directly concerning reviewing scientific publications in our journal. Only editor-in-chief takes decision on order and publication the reviews!

CONTEST!

"World Eсonomy and International Relations" announces a contest for the best joint academic publications of domestic and foreign researchers and experts in topical issues of the world economy and international relations. The winners will be selected according to the results of peer reviewing and discussion at the Editorial Board. The articles will be published in priority order.

SUBSCRIBE TO THE JOURNAL

The print version of “World Economy and International Relations” journal is distributed by advance subscription only, and is not offered for retail sale. To subscribe please address to any post office in Russia by referring to the Federal Postal Service Union Catalogue, section “ARSMI”, the journal index is 70542. The subscription may be made for the whole subscription period or starting from any nearest available month for desired number of issues.

To purchase the full-text electronic version of the journal’s issue/article please address to the WEB portal of Scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.ru or URL: https://press.gaugn.ru/.

In journal
WORLD ECONOMY AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
                     Archive
                     Subjects
                     Authors
                     Articles for the year
                     Authors for the year
Years
2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |

The author’s opinions may not coincide with the position of editorial