On Fragmentation of World Order in the Era of Globalization

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-8-102-112
K. Gadzhiev (zuhrabvi@yandex.ru),
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation;
Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1, Leninskie gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation


The article presents an attempt to reveal and analyze some, in the author’s opinion, key factors underlying the controversial nature of globalization. After considering some of the most significant consequences of globalization in terms of the unity of the modern world, the main attention is driven to the prime factors, the nature, systemic and structural components of those tendencies and processes which resulted in the opposite trend of undermining this unity. The author sees a paradox of globalization in the fact that due to a complex of factors determining the geopolitical picture of the modern world, it created conditions for localization, renationalization, fragmentation and deconstruction of the world order. The tendency of de-sovereignization of national states is replaced by the trend of their re-sovereignization. The most significant examples in support of this thesis are: the processes of disintegration of multinational states and formation of many new national states; the growing influence of nationalist and separatist movements, organizations and parties that oppose globalism, universalism and transnationalism. One of their manifestations was the acquisition of the ever-increasing phenomenon of building various fences and walls separating peoples, countries and states from each other. On the basis of these and a whole complex of related factors, trends and processes, it is concluded that in the modern world, a joint humanity with a complex of values, ideals and interests common to all peoples and states can be represented, figuratively speaking, from a bird’s perspective. In reality, it is an abstract, metaphorical concept that unites very heterogeneous, contradictory, conflicting, cultural-civilizational circles, peoples, states and communities pursuing different, sometimes opposite goals and interests. Of course, they have a complex of common fundamental interests, on which the very physical existence depends and, accordingly, the unity of mankind. The combination of these two seemingly opposing principles forms the basis of the formula “fragmentation in unity, or unity in fragmentation” for its definition.


globalization, information revolution, fragmentation, humanity, unity, contradictions, conflicts, wars, interests, state, people, sovereignty, world order


1. Cerny Ph.G., Prichard A. The new anarchy: Globalization and fragmentation in world politics. First Published June 20, 2017. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/1755088217713765 (accessed 14.01.2018).

2. Bauman Z. Glokalizacja czyli komu globalizacja, a komu lokalizacja. Studia sucjologiezne, Warszawa, 1997, no. 3, pp. 53-69.

3. Rosenau J.N. Globalization and Governance: Bleak Prospects for Sustainability. Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft, 2003, no. 3. Available at: https://library.fes.de/pdf-files/ipg/ipg-2003-3/artrosenau.pdf (accessed 10.12.2018).

4. Council of Europe Secretary General: there is no force In the world that can decide everything for everyone. PolitInform, 29.11.2014 (In Russ.) Available at: https://www.politinform.su/politika/9103-gensek-soveta-evropy-v-mire-uzhe-netsily-sposobnoy-vse-reshat-za-vseh.html (accessed 10.11.2018).

5. Rachman G. Angela Merkel`s blunder. Donald Tramp and the end of the West. Financial Times. 29.05.2017. Available at: https://www.ft.com/content/dc911cb8-4449-11e7-8519-9f94ee97d996 (accessed 14.12.2018).

6. Rodrigues-Rata A. Los muros de Europa. La Vanguardia, 06.03.2017. Available at: https://www.lavanguardia.com/internacional/20170306/42515691933/muros-union-europea.html (accessed 14.12.2018).

7. Berlin I. Four Essays on Liberty. London, New York, Oxford University Press, 1969. 152 p.

8. Jaspers K. Smysl i naznachenie istorii [Meaning and purpose of history]. Moscow, Politizdat, 1991. 527 p.

9. Trubetskoi N.S. Evropa i chelovechestvo [Europe and humanity]. Sofia, 1920. Available at: https://books.google.ru/books/about/%D0%95%D0%B2%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BF%D0%B0_%D0%B8_%D0%A7%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B5%D1%87%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D0%BE.html?id=EUZsCwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=kp_read_button&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false (accessed 14.12.2018).

10. Lebon G. Psikhologiya narodov [Psychology of nations]. Moscow, AST, 2016, 320 p.

11. Toynbee A. Tsivilizatsiya pered sudom istorii. Mir i Zapad [Civilization on Trial. The World and the West]. Moscow, AST, 2011. 318 p.

12. Fallaci O. La rabbia e l’orgoglio. Available at: http://belpaese2000.narod.ru/Teca/Nove/Fallaci/fallaci_rabbia.htm (accessed 14.12.2018).

13. Danilevskii N.L. Rossiya i Evropa [Russia and Europe]. Moscow, Algoritm, 2018. 560 p.

Registered in system SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Gadzhiev K. On Fragmentation of World Order in the Era of Globalization. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2019, vol. 63, No 8, pp. 102-112. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-8-102-112

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment

Current Issue
2020, vol. 64, No. 3
Topical Themes of the Issue:

  • World Economy and Energy at the Turn: Search for an Alternative Development Model
  • Stop or Deadlock? The U.S. Elites about the INF Crisis
  • Social Base and Prospects of Populism in Western Countries
  • The Crisis of the Union State of Belarus and Russia
View This Issue (2020, vol. 64, No. 3)
Send article

Dear readers!
Please note that free access to full-text issues of the Journal is being opened at our WEB-site after 6 months of the date of publications. Currently, the releases of 2015–2018 are available for free. The work on deepening the open archive of full-text issues will be continued.

Dear readers!
This is to inform the researchers of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations that electronic version of the 4-nd issue of 2019 of French magazine Politique étrangère is now available. Those who are interested, please personally address to the editorial staff of MEMO Journal (room 18-17) with an electronic media (e-mailing is not possible because of technical reasons).


In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“The Common Spaces”. The XX century was marked by the process of active development of the so-called common spaces, namely the World ocean, outer space and the Internet which, due to various reasons, were previously perceived as peripheral for the mankind and were not used at all or less intensively. Since then, the degree of their development and usage is constantly increasing. Even though the prospects of obtaining material dividends from their use are often extremely remote, the level of competition there is steadily increasing, resulting in growing inter-state conflicts’ potential.

“Silk Road and prospects of Great Eurasia”. It is planned to publish materials concerning the Chinese project of Silk Road and its impact on the socio-economic development of various countries in Eurasia and the integration processes in this mega-region.

“Africa today and tomorrow”The rubric devoted to contemporary issues of Africa which is attracting growing interest of the world's leading actors. We plan to publish the articles analyzing the status of statehood, socio-economic and political development of the countries of Black continent, as well as the integration processes between them.

“Civilization processes of modern development” is a new rubric opened by MEMO Journal in 2020. It will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of civilizational factors and inter-civilizational interactions on the political and socio-economic development of the world at whole, regions and countries.

Dear colleagues, authors and readers!

We kindly request you to turn to editor-in-chief and executive secretary directly concerning reviewing scientific publications in our journal. Only editor-in-chief takes decision on order and publication the reviews!


"World Eonomy and International Relations" announces a contest for the best joint academic publications of domestic and foreign researchers and experts in topical issues of the world economy and international relations. The winners will be selected according to the results of peer reviewing and discussion at the Editorial Board. The articles will be published in priority order.


The print version of “World Economy and International Relations” journal is distributed by advance subscription only, and is not offered for retail sale. To subscribe please address to any post office in Russia by referring to the Federal Postal Service Union Catalogue, section “ARSMI”, the journal index is 70542. The subscription may be made for the whole subscription period or starting from any nearest available month for desired number of issues.

To purchase the full-text electronic version of the journal’s issue/article please address to the WEB portal of Scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.ru or URL: https://press.gaugn.ru/.

In journal
                     Full Archive
                     Articles by year
                     Authors by year
2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |

The author’s opinions may not coincide with the position of editorial