On Fragmentation of World Order in the Era of Globalization

193
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-8-102-112
K. Gadzhiev (zuhrabvi@yandex.ru),
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation;
Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1, Leninskie gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation


Abstract

The article presents an attempt to reveal and analyze some, in the author’s opinion, key factors underlying the controversial nature of globalization. After considering some of the most significant consequences of globalization in terms of the unity of the modern world, the main attention is driven to the prime factors, the nature, systemic and structural components of those tendencies and processes which resulted in the opposite trend of undermining this unity. The author sees a paradox of globalization in the fact that due to a complex of factors determining the geopolitical picture of the modern world, it created conditions for localization, renationalization, fragmentation and deconstruction of the world order. The tendency of de-sovereignization of national states is replaced by the trend of their re-sovereignization. The most significant examples in support of this thesis are: the processes of disintegration of multinational states and formation of many new national states; the growing influence of nationalist and separatist movements, organizations and parties that oppose globalism, universalism and transnationalism. One of their manifestations was the acquisition of the ever-increasing phenomenon of building various fences and walls separating peoples, countries and states from each other. On the basis of these and a whole complex of related factors, trends and processes, it is concluded that in the modern world, a joint humanity with a complex of values, ideals and interests common to all peoples and states can be represented, figuratively speaking, from a bird’s perspective. In reality, it is an abstract, metaphorical concept that unites very heterogeneous, contradictory, conflicting, cultural-civilizational circles, peoples, states and communities pursuing different, sometimes opposite goals and interests. Of course, they have a complex of common fundamental interests, on which the very physical existence depends and, accordingly, the unity of mankind. The combination of these two seemingly opposing principles forms the basis of the formula “fragmentation in unity, or unity in fragmentation” for its definition.


Keywords

globalization, information revolution, fragmentation, humanity, unity, contradictions, conflicts, wars, interests, state, people, sovereignty, world order


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For citation:
Gadzhiev K. On Fragmentation of World Order in the Era of Globalization. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2019, vol. 63, No 8, pp. 102-112. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-8-102-112



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