Energy Infrastructure Transformation as Part of Clean Energy Transition in the EU

227
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-12-46-54

A. Zimakov (zimakov@newmail.ru), 
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), Profsoyuznaya Str., 23, Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation 



Abstract

The clean energy transition in the EU is part of a broader process of EU economy greening. Clean energy transition is frequently seen as a process of green generation capacities expansion along with reduction of thermal power plants share in the energy mix. But in fact green growth in energy sector is effectively limited by the legacy of traditional thermal energy system infrastructure. The article deals with the roots of this effect as well as the ways this problem can be overcome. Main cause of this shortfall turns out to be a different set of green generation features such as intermittence and decentralization. It requires a full scale transformation of energy infrastructure to achieve the capability necessary to accommodate bigger share of renewables. The process steered by EU energy and climate policy implies several main directions: higher interconnectivity, more energy storage, smart grids deployment, more flexibility in balancing markets as part of demand side management. Each of these developments is addressed in the article in detail as well as EU regulatory framework that provides support for transformation in each particular case. Among others to be named: Union list of Projects of Common Interest, TEN-E program and, most recently, European Commission’s proposal of Clean Energy Package. The synergy of these processes driven by corresponding EU policies is expected to provide more flexible commercial and physical infrastructure able to accommodate more renewable energy in the system what should facilitate growth of renewables share in power generation up to full de-carbonization. This in turn should enable the EU to deliver on its Paris Agreement commitments and should help to achieve global leadership in clean energies. 


Keywords

EU, energy market, energy and climate policy, clean transition, renewables, smart grids 


REFERENCES

1. Zimakov A.V. Est’ li budushchee dlya ugol’nykh TES v Evrope? [Is there any future for TPPs in Europe?]. Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta, 2017, no. 5 (56), pp. 130-150.

2. Energy Statistics 2015. Copenhagen, Danish Energy Agency, 2017. 60 p.

3. Statistikbroschüre 2017. Wien, Energie-Control Austria, 2017. 73 p. Available at: https://www.e-control.at/publikationen/statistik-bericht (accessed 28.05.2018).

4. Monitoringbericht 2016. Bonn, Bundesnetzagentur, 2016. 439 p.

5. Quarterly Report on European Electricity Markets. European Commission, 2018, vol. 10 (issue 4), IV quarter of 2017. 40 p. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/data-analysis/market-analysis (accessed 28.05.2018).

6. Environmental Report 2017 for Danish Electricity and CHP for 2016 Status Year. Fredericia, Energinet, 2017. Available at: https://en.energinet.dk/About-our-reports/Reports/Environmental-Report-2017 (accessed 28.05.2018).

7. Presidency Conclusions Barcelona 15 and 16 March 2002. European Council, 2002. 73 p. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/invest-in-research/pdf/download_en/barcelona_european_council.pdf (accessed 28.05.2018).

8. Energy 2020 A Strategy for Competitive, Sustainable and Secure Energy. European Commission’s communication COM (2010) 639 final, European Union, 2011. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/2011_energy2020_en_0.pdf (accessed 28.05.2018).

9. A policy Framework for Climate and Energy in the Period from 2020 to 2030. European Commission’s communication COM (2014) 15 final, European Union, 2014. Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:52014DC0015 (accessed 28.05.2018).

10. Conclusions 23 and 24 October 2014. European Council, Brussels, 24 October 2014. Available at: http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/ec/145397.pdf (accessed 28.05.2018).

11. Making Europe’s Electricity Grid fit for 2020. European Commission’s communication COM (2015) 82 final, European Union, 2015. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM%3A2015%3A82%3AFIN (accessed 28.05.2018).

12. Decision No 1364/2006/EС of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 September 2006 laying down guidelines for trans-European energy networks. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32006D1364 (accessed 28.05.2018).

13. Regulation (EU) No 347/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 April 2013 on guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=celex:32013R0347 (accessed 28.05.2018).

14. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2018/540 of 23 November 2017 as Regards the Union List of Projects of Common Interest. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32016R0089 (accessed 28.05.2018).

15. Koalitionsvertrag zwischen CDU, CSU und SPD. FAZ, 07.02.2018. Available at: http://dynamic.faz.net/download/2018/koalitionsvertrag.pdf (accessed 28.05.2018).

16. Zimakov A.V. Zachem Gretsii tranzit energoresursov? [Why does Greece need an energy transit?]. Sovremennaya Gretsiya v mirovoi ekonomike i politike [Modern Greece in the world economy and politics]. Moscow, IMEMO, 2013, pp. 179-184.

17. Gimeno-Gutiérrez M., Lacal-Arántegui R. Assessment of the European Potential for Pumped Hydropower Energy Storage. Scientific and Policy Report, European Commission, Joint Research Centre. 74 p. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/sites/jrcsh/files/jrc_20130503_assessment_european_phs_potential.pdf (accessed 28.05.2018).

18. The Role and Need of Flexibility in 2030: Focus on Energy Storage. METIS Studies, August 2016. Brussels, European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy, 2016. 84 p. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/metis_study_s07_-_the_role_and_need_of_flexibility_in_2030._focus_on_storage.pdf (accessed 28.05.2018).

19. Energy Storage Technology Development Roadmap. EASE-EERA, 2017. 128 p. Available at: http://ease-storage.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/EASE-EERA-Storage-Technology-Development-Roadmap-2017-HR.pdf (accessed 28.05.2018).

20. COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2017/2195 of 23 November 2017 Establishing a Guideline on Electricity Balancing. Official Journal of the European Union, L 312/6. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?toc=OJ:L:2017:312:TOC&uri=uriserv:OJ.L_.2017.312.01.0006.01.ENG (accessed 28.05.2018).

21. Statnett SF, Energinet, Fingrid, Svenska kraftnät. Unlocking flexibility. Nordic TSO discussion paper on third-party aggregators. Available at: http://www.statnett.no/Global/Dokumenter/Media/Nyheter%202018/Unlocking%20flexibility%20-%20Nordic%20TSO%20discussion%20paper%20on%20third%20party%20aggregation.pdf (accessed 28.05.2018).

22. Clean Energy For All Europeans. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank COM(2016) 860 final, Brussels, 30.11.2016. Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1512481277484&uri=CELEX:52016DC0860 (accessed 28.05.2018).

23. Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on Common Rules for the Internal Market in Electricity. COM (2016) 864 final/2-2016/0380, Brussels, 23.2.2017 Available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ TXT/?uri=COM:2016:0864: FIN (accessed 28.05.2018).

24. MEPs Set Ambitious Targets for Cleaner, more Efficient Energy Use. European Parliament, press release, 17.01.2018. Available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20180112IPR91629/meps-set-ambitious-targets-for-cleaner-more-efficient-energy-use (accessed 28.05.2018).

25. Achieving Global Leadership in Renewable Energies. European Commission, Fact Sheet, 30 November 2016. Available at: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-16-3987_en.htm (accessed 28.05.2018). 


Registered in system SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Zimakov A. Energy Infrastructure Transformation as Part of Clean Energy Transition in the EU. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2018, vol. 62, No 12, pp. 46-54. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-12-46-54



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed
 
Current Issue
2019, vol. 63, No. 12
Topical Themes of the Issue:
• Globalization vs Nation State: the Retrogradation?
• Digital Transformation in the Socio-Labor Sphere: New Challenges and Opportunities
• Nuclear Deterrence: Concepts and Risks
• Russia’s New Strategy in the African Direction
View This Issue (2019, vol. 63, No. 12)
Send article

Dear readers!
Please note that free access to full-text issues of the Journal is being opened at our WEB-site after 6 months of the date of publications. Currently, the releases of 2015–2018 are available for free. The work on deepening the open archive of full-text issues will be continued.

Dear readers!
This is to inform the researchers of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations that electronic version of the 4-nd issue of 2019 of French magazine Politique étrangère is now available. Those who are interested, please personally address to the editorial staff of MEMO Journal (room 18-17) with an electronic media (e-mailing is not possible because of technical reasons).

NEW SECTION

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“The Common Spaces”. The XX century was marked by the process of active development of the so-called common spaces, namely the World ocean, outer space and the Internet which, due to various reasons, were previously perceived as peripheral for the mankind and were not used at all or less intensively. Since then, the degree of their development and usage is constantly increasing. Even though the prospects of obtaining material dividends from their use are often extremely remote, the level of competition there is steadily increasing, resulting in growing inter-state conflicts’ potential.

“Silk Road and prospects of Great Eurasia”. It is planned to publish materials concerning the Chinese project of Silk Road and its impact on the socio-economic development of various countries in Eurasia and the integration processes in this mega-region.

“Africa today and tomorrow”The rubric devoted to contemporary issues of Africa which is attracting growing interest of the world's leading actors. We plan to publish the articles analyzing the status of statehood, socio-economic and political development of the countries of Black continent, as well as the integration processes between them.

“Civilization processes of modern development” is a new rubric opened by MEMO Journal in 2020. It will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of civilizational factors and inter-civilizational interactions on the political and socio-economic development of the world at whole, regions and countries.

Dear colleagues, authors and readers!

We kindly request you to turn to editor-in-chief and executive secretary directly concerning reviewing scientific publications in our journal. Only editor-in-chief takes decision on order and publication the reviews!

CONTEST!

"World Eсonomy and International Relations" announces a contest for the best joint academic publications of domestic and foreign researchers and experts in topical issues of the world economy and international relations. The winners will be selected according to the results of peer reviewing and discussion at the Editorial Board. The articles will be published in priority order.

SUBSCRIBE TO THE JOURNAL

The print version of “World Economy and International Relations” journal is distributed by advance subscription only, and is not offered for retail sale. To subscribe please address to any post office in Russia by referring to the Federal Postal Service Union Catalogue, section “ARSMI”, the journal index is 70542. The subscription may be made for the whole subscription period or starting from any nearest available month for desired number of issues.

To purchase the full-text electronic version of the journal’s issue/article please address to the WEB portal of Scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.ru or URL: https://press.gaugn.ru/.

In journal
WORLD ECONOMY AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
                     Archive
                     Subjects
                     Authors
                     Articles for the year
                     Authors for the year
Years
2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |

The author’s opinions may not coincide with the position of editorial