The Afghan Crisis and Post-Soviet Central Asia

294
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2017-61-8-14-23

D. Malysheva (dsheva@mail.ru),
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation 



Abstract

The paper analyzes the situation in Afghanistan in the context of an acute regional crisis developing there, with an active involvement of external forces in it. In addition, the author focuses on problems of regional security in the post-Soviet Central Asian states. Threats, risks and challenges coming to Central Asia from Afghanistan are estimated in detail. Special attention is paid to the activities of radical Islamist movements and transnational terrorist organizations, notably the ISIS’s “Afghan branch” – the so-called Khorasan caliphate. Russia’s new approaches to the problem of the Afghan settlement are evaluated through the prism of its efforts to maintain security in Central Asian states and to reduce tensions in the region. Taking into account the problem raised above, the paper seeks conditions under which the cooperation of the Russian Federation with China and other countries involved will contribute to a peaceful transition in Afghanistan and will affect the process of achieving Central Asian regional stability. Summarizing what has been said, we should take note the fact of unfolding a new level of competition in Asia. The involvement of Afghanistan and its Central Asian neighbors into the regional political processes is becoming more evident, although the positive potential of such interaction is not always visible. As the unipolar world is fading and the polycentric world order becomes stronger, countries of Central Asia and South Asia can take advantage of the chance that has arisen for them to become a unifying center of Asia leaving aside the mediation of non-regional powers. In this context, it seems logical to form a cooperative security system with participation of the CSTO and the SCO. It will allow Russia, China, Central Asian states and their allies in Asia to address effectively the issues related to Asian security. 


Keywords

Afghanistan, post-Soviet Central Asia, security, crisis, Islamist radicalism 


REFERENCES

1. SIGAR. Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction. Quarterly Report of the United States Congress. Arlington, Jan. 30, 2017. 269 p.

2. Afghanistan: Les pertes civiles et militaires ont atteint un niveau record en 2016. Opex360.com, 06.02.2017. Available at: http://www.opex360.com/2017/02/06/afghanistan-les-pertes-civiles-militaires-ont-atteint-niveau-record-en‑2016 (accessed 03.03.2017).

3. UN Chief in Afghanistan Renews Call for Parties to Protect Civilians – UNAMA Releases Civilian Casualty Data for Third Quarter of 2016. The UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA). Kabul, 19 October 2016. Available at: http://unama.unmissions.org/sites/default/files/19_october_2016_-_un_chief_in_afghanistan_renews_call_for_parties_to_protect_civilians_english.pdf (accessed 11.12.2016).

4. Afghanistan Opium Survey 2016. Cultivation and Production. Executive Summary. United Nations Office on Drug and Crime. October 2016. 12 p.

5. US commander in Afghanistan requests several thousand new troops. The Guardian, 09.02.2017.

6. The Problem of Security is a Key Issue for Central Asia (In Russ.) Available at: http://iq.expert/aktsenty/ekspertnyeotsenki/?ELEMENT_ID=345 (accessed 03.03.2017).

7. Foreign Fighters. An Updated Assessment of the Flow of Foreign Fighters into Syria and Iraq. New York, The Soufan Group, December 2015. 25 p.

8. Afghanistan: “Islamic State” begins to Compete with “Taliban” (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.fergananews.com/news/22964 (accessed 13.01.2015).

9. Syria Calling: Radicalisation in Central Asia. Bishkek/Brussels: International Crisis Group. Policy Briefing, no. 72, 20.01.2015. 15 p.

10. ISIS, Taliban Announced Jihad against Each Other. Khaama press, 20.04.2015. Available at: http://www.khaama.com/isistaliban-announced-jihad-against-each-other-3206 (assessed 21.04.2016).

11. Najafizada E., etc. Bin Laden’s Backers Want to Destroy Islamic State in Afghanistan. Bloomberg, 04.02.2016. Available at: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-02-03/bin-laden-s-backers-want-to-destroy-islamic-state-in-afghanistan (accessed 04.02.2016).

12. Belokrenitskii V. Ya. Pakistan, Yuzhnaya Aziya, islamskii mir, Vostok. Izbrannye publikatsii 2008–2016 gg. [Pakistan, South Asia, the Islamic World, the East. Selected Publications 2008–2016]. Moscow, Institute of Oriental Studies, 2016. 712 p.

13. Mukhiuddin Mehdi: Regional Integration is the Last Chance for the Settlement of the Afghan Crisis (In Russ.) Available at: http://afghanistan.ru/doc/106048.html (accessed 10.02.2017).

14. Starr S. F. Lost Enlightenment: Central Asia’s Golden Age from the Arab Conquest to Tamerlane. Princeton University Press, 2013. 680 p.

15. Statement by the Head of State. 08.07.2016 (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.akorda.kz/ru/events/akorda_news/zayavlenie-glavy-gosudarstva (accessed 08.06.2017).

16. Briefing by Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Maria Zakharova. 27.12.2016 (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.mid.ru/ru/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/2581141#11 (accessed 03.03.2017).

17. Strokan’ S. My prishli k vam s Kashmirom [We Came to You with Kashmir]. Kommersant, 10.01.2017.

18. Wang Li. Vzaimodeistvie Kitaya i NATO v Afganistane [China and NATO in Afghanistan]. International Trends, 2016, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 39-51. DOI 10.17994/IT.2016.14.3.46.3.

19. Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov’s Remarks and Answers to Media Questions at Joint Press Conference Following Talks with Foreign Minister of Afghanistan Salahuddin Rabbani, Moscow, February 7, 2017. Press service (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.mid.ru/ru/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/2630440 (accessed: 03.03.2017).

20. Press Release on Six-Party Consultations on Afghanistan in Moscow. 15.02.2017. (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.mid.ru/ru/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/2642417 (accessed 17.02.2017).

21. Russian SU-24 and Su-25 are Transferred to Tajikistan for Flights over the Eastern Pamir. 13.02.2017. (In Russ.)] Available at: https://vpk.name/news/174725_rossiiskie_su24_i_su25_perebroshenyi_v_tadzhikistan_dlya_poletov_nad_vostochnyim_pamirom.html (accessed 03.03.2017).

22. Press Release on Regional Consultations on Afghanistan in Moscow. 14.04.2017. (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.mid.ru/ru/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/2726953 (accessed 15.04.2017).

23. Bhadrakumar M. K. Who is Afraid of Peace in Afghanistan? 14.02.2017. Available at: http://blogs.rediff.com/mkbhadrakumar/2017/02/14/who-is-afraid-of-peace-in-afghanistan (accessed 17.02.2017). 


Registered in system SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Malysheva D. The Afghan Crisis and Post-Soviet Central Asia. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2017, vol. 61, No 8, pp. 14-23. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2017-61-8-14-23



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed
 
Current Issue
2020, vol. 64, No. 1
Topical Themes of the Issue:
• The Civilizational Dimension of Modern World Development: Problems and Approaches
• Pacific Asia: Prospects for Development
• Integrated Studies at IMEMO
• Global Transport & Logistics Infrastructure
View This Issue (2020, vol. 64, No. 1)
Send article

Dear readers!
Please note that free access to full-text issues of the Journal is being opened at our WEB-site after 6 months of the date of publications. Currently, the releases of 2015–2018 are available for free. The work on deepening the open archive of full-text issues will be continued.

Dear readers!
This is to inform the researchers of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations that electronic version of the 4-nd issue of 2019 of French magazine Politique étrangère is now available. Those who are interested, please personally address to the editorial staff of MEMO Journal (room 18-17) with an electronic media (e-mailing is not possible because of technical reasons).

NEW SECTION

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“The Common Spaces”. The XX century was marked by the process of active development of the so-called common spaces, namely the World ocean, outer space and the Internet which, due to various reasons, were previously perceived as peripheral for the mankind and were not used at all or less intensively. Since then, the degree of their development and usage is constantly increasing. Even though the prospects of obtaining material dividends from their use are often extremely remote, the level of competition there is steadily increasing, resulting in growing inter-state conflicts’ potential.

“Silk Road and prospects of Great Eurasia”. It is planned to publish materials concerning the Chinese project of Silk Road and its impact on the socio-economic development of various countries in Eurasia and the integration processes in this mega-region.

“Africa today and tomorrow”The rubric devoted to contemporary issues of Africa which is attracting growing interest of the world's leading actors. We plan to publish the articles analyzing the status of statehood, socio-economic and political development of the countries of Black continent, as well as the integration processes between them.

“Civilization processes of modern development” is a new rubric opened by MEMO Journal in 2020. It will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of civilizational factors and inter-civilizational interactions on the political and socio-economic development of the world at whole, regions and countries.

Dear colleagues, authors and readers!

We kindly request you to turn to editor-in-chief and executive secretary directly concerning reviewing scientific publications in our journal. Only editor-in-chief takes decision on order and publication the reviews!

CONTEST!

"World Eonomy and International Relations" announces a contest for the best joint academic publications of domestic and foreign researchers and experts in topical issues of the world economy and international relations. The winners will be selected according to the results of peer reviewing and discussion at the Editorial Board. The articles will be published in priority order.

SUBSCRIBE TO THE JOURNAL

The print version of “World Economy and International Relations” journal is distributed by advance subscription only, and is not offered for retail sale. To subscribe please address to any post office in Russia by referring to the Federal Postal Service Union Catalogue, section “ARSMI”, the journal index is 70542. The subscription may be made for the whole subscription period or starting from any nearest available month for desired number of issues.

To purchase the full-text electronic version of the journal’s issue/article please address to the WEB portal of Scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.ru or URL: https://press.gaugn.ru/.

In journal
WORLD ECONOMY AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
                     Archive
                     Subjects
                     Authors
                     Articles for the year
                     Authors for the year
Years
2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |

The author’s opinions may not coincide with the position of editorial