Transcontinental Transit AsiaEurope

439
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2016-60-7-70-76
I. Zuenko, Far Eastern Federal University, 10, Ajax Bay, Vladivostok, 690922, Russian Federation (ivanzuwei@gmail.com)
S. Zuban’, Representative Office of Federal Customs Service of Russia in Kazakhstan, 34 (116), Auezova Str., Astana, 010000, Republic of Kazakhstan 


Abstract

For a long time, transportation infrastructure of Russian Eastern regions was nearly monopolist in the market of land transcontinental transit services for the cargos supplied from Eastern Asia to Europe. Transit was not seen as a top priority for Russian transport system which was mostly oriented at export deliveries of Russian primary goods to the markets of Asia-Pacific region. As a result, the share of land transcontinental transit from East to West is very low compared to maritime traffic (1–2 per cent of total). Situation changed drastically in 2000–2010s when China and Kazakhstan started to develop transcontinental transport corridor through China’s Western regions and Central Asia to transit goods manufactured in Asia (first of all China itself) to Europe. According to Beijing’s strategy of Silk Road Economic Belt, transportation traffic through Central Asia will be expanding. These changes imply risks that Eastern regions of Russia lose (or already lost) profit linked with transcontinental transit traffic through its territories. The authors analyzed recent customs statistics regarding cargos transited from Asia to Europe through Eastern regions of Russia (Far East and Eastern Siberia) and Kazakhstan. It was found that transcontinental transit through Kazakhstan is already bigger than through Eastern regions of Russia. Main consignor is China for which using land transport system is attractive not only economically but politically as well. Transit traffic through Pacific ports of Russia is mainly provided by cargos from South Korea and Japan mostly delivered not to Europe but to Central Asia. In other words, as of now the two transit channels employ different niches and can expand not at the expense of each other but by attracting a growing part from the maritime traffic. The trend of expanding transportation traffic through Kazakhstan seems to be non-reversible. This becomes a new reality that Russia needs to accept. This demands modernization of its transportation infrastructure and improvement of trans-border procedures in order to maintain and, hopefully, expand transit passing through Russia.


Keywords

transcontinental transit, Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Eurasian Economic Community Customs Union, Silk Road Economic Belt 


REFERENCES

1. Edict of Government of Russian Federation no. 2094-p as of 28.12.2009 “About Confirmation of Strategy of Social and Economic Development of Far East and Baikal Region till 2025 Year” (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_96571 (accessed 21.05.2015).

2. Ordabaev A.K. Geopolitika transportnykh koridorov v Tsentral’noi Azii [Geopolitics of transportation corridors in Central Asia]. Astana–Almaty, 2015. 52 p.

3. Turar A. Razvitie transportno-tranzitnogo potentsiala – moshchnyi resurs ekonomiki Kazakhstana [Development of Transit Transportation Potential is the Strong Resource of Kazakhstan Economic]. Available at: http://bnews.kz/ru/news/post/240474 (accessed 21.05.2015).

4. Kaukenova T. Zapusk poezda “Lyan’yun’gan–Almaty” glazami kitaiskikh SMI [Start of Transportation by Train Lianyungang-Almaty in View of Chinese Media]. Available at: http://radiotochka.kz/8472-zapusk-poezda-lyanyungan-almaty-glazami-kitayskih-smi.html (accessed 21.05.2015).

5. Inozemtsev V. Tranzitnoi strany iz Rossii uzhe ne vyidet [Russia has Failed to Become a Transit State]. Available at: http://www.vedomosti.ru/opinion/articles/2012/11/29/tranzita_ne_vyjdet (accessed 21.05.2015).

6. Stupin I. Daite dorogu ekonomike [Give Way to Economics]. Available at: http://expert.ru/expert/2012/25/dajte-dorogu-ekonomike (accessed 21.05.2015).

7. Yin Shengshan, Ivanskii V. Vyshito shelkom [Embroidered by Silk]. Available at: http://www.rg.ru/2015/05/21/reg-dfo/koncepciya.html (accessed 21.05.2015).

8. Stanzel A. China’s Silk Road to Nowhere? Available at: http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_chinas_silk_road_to_nowhere3025 (accessed 21.05.2015).

9. Tiezzi S. China’s Silk Road in the Spotlight as Xi Heads to Kazakhstan. Available at: http://thediplomat.com/2015/05/chinas-silk-road-in-the-spotlight-as-xi-heads-to-kazakhstan (accessed 21.05.2015).

10. Denisov I.E. Dezhurnye po Evrazii [Attendants of Eurasia] Available at: http://lenta.ru/articles/2015/05/15/eurasiaway (accessed 21.05.2015).

11. Vision and Actions on Jointly Building Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China with State Council authorization. Available at: http://en.ndrc.gov.cn/newsrelease/201503/t20150330_669367.html (accessed 28.06.2015).

12. EU–China Trade Statistics. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/countries/china (accessed 21.05.2015).

13. Mikheev V, Lukonin S. Kitai posle Boao-2015 [China after Boao-2015]. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2015, no. 8, pp. 61-70.

14. PRC Bureau of Customs Instruction no. 10-2015 “About Beginning of the Reform on Procedure Unification of Customs Service and Control in North-Eastern Region” (In Chin.) Available at: http://www.customs.gov.cn/publish/portal0/tab49659/info735661.htm (accessed 21.05.2015). 


Registered in system SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Zuenko I., Zuban S. Transcontinental Transit AsiaEurope. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2016, vol. 60, No 7, pp. 70-76. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2016-60-7-70-76



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed
 
Current Issue
2020, vol. 64, No. 5
Topical Themes of the Issue:

  • eijing’s Pain Points
  • International Role of Euro and European Integration
  • Sources and Trends of Japanese International Relations Theories
  • New Dimensions of Identity Politics: Contested Memories in History Museums of the 20th Century
View This Issue (2020, vol. 64, No. 5)
Submit an Article

Dear readers!
Please note that free access to full-text issues of the Journal is being opened at our WEB-site after 6 months of the date of publications. Currently, the releases of 2015–2018 are available for free. The work on deepening the open archive of full-text issues will be continued.

Dear readers!
This is to inform the researchers of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations that electronic version of the 4-nd issue of 2019 of French magazine Politique étrangère is now available. Those who are interested, please personally address to the editorial staff of MEMO Journal (room 18-17) with an electronic media (e-mailing is not possible because of technical reasons).

NEW SECTION

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“The Common Spaces”. The XX century was marked by the process of active development of the so-called common spaces, namely the World ocean, outer space and the Internet which, due to various reasons, were previously perceived as peripheral for the mankind and were not used at all or less intensively. Since then, the degree of their development and usage is constantly increasing. Even though the prospects of obtaining material dividends from their use are often extremely remote, the level of competition there is steadily increasing, resulting in growing inter-state conflicts’ potential.

“Silk Road and prospects of Great Eurasia”. It is planned to publish materials concerning the Chinese project of Silk Road and its impact on the socio-economic development of various countries in Eurasia and the integration processes in this mega-region.

“Africa today and tomorrow”The rubric devoted to contemporary issues of Africa which is attracting growing interest of the world's leading actors. We plan to publish the articles analyzing the status of statehood, socio-economic and political development of the countries of Black continent, as well as the integration processes between them.

“Civilization processes of modern development” is a new rubric opened by MEMO Journal in 2020. It will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of civilizational factors and inter-civilizational interactions on the political and socio-economic development of the world at whole, regions and countries.

Dear colleagues, authors and readers!

We kindly request you to turn to editor-in-chief and executive secretary directly concerning reviewing scientific publications in our journal. Only editor-in-chief takes decision on order and publication the reviews!

CONTEST!

"World Eonomy and International Relations" announces a contest for the best joint academic publications of domestic and foreign researchers and experts in topical issues of the world economy and international relations. The winners will be selected according to the results of peer reviewing and discussion at the Editorial Board. The articles will be published in priority order.

SUBSCRIBE TO THE JOURNAL

The print version of “World Economy and International Relations” journal is distributed by advance subscription only, and is not offered for retail sale. To subscribe please address to any post office in Russia by referring to the Federal Postal Service Union Catalogue, section “ARSMI”, the journal index is 70542. The subscription may be made for the whole subscription period or starting from any nearest available month for desired number of issues.

To purchase the full-text electronic version of the journal’s issue/article please address to the WEB portal of Scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.ru or URL: https://press.gaugn.ru/.

In journal
WORLD ECONOMY AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
                     Full
                     Subjects
                     Authors
                     Articles by year
                     Authors by year
Years
2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |

The author’s opinions may not coincide with the position of editorial