Nuclear programs in the Middle East: “Proceed no fold up allowed” (Part 1. Origin and development)

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Nuclear programs in the Middle East: “Proceed no fold up allowed” (Part 1. Origin and development)
// Pathways to Peace and Security. 2018. no 2(55). P. 84-103


DOI: 10.20542/2307-1494-2018-2-84-103


Abstract

The U.S. unprecedented pressure on Iran and states dealing with it alongside with American withdrawal from the Iranian nuclear deal highlights the topic of nuclear research by regional states, pursuing their own purposes, usually related to energy. Political considerations is the factor that forces them to cross the red line. The article analyzes origins and development of nuclear programs of the Middle Eastern states in the light of regional political processes. Nuclear programs of Israel, Egypt, Iraq, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Syria, and Iran are paid primary attention.


Keywords

Middle East, nuclear programs, non-proliferation problems, nuclear energy, Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), USA, USSR, Russia, Israel, China, France, Iraq, Libya, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Algeria, Turkey


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For citation:

Frolov A. Nuclear programs in the Middle East: “Proceed no fold up allowed” (Part 1. Origin and development). Pathways to Peace and Security, 2018, no 2(55), pp. 84-103. DOI: 10.20542/2307-1494-2018-2-84-103