The humanitarian imperative: compromises and prospects in protracted conflicts

The humanitarian imperative: compromises and prospects in protracted conflicts
// Pathways to Peace and Security. 2018. no 1(54) Special Issue: Humanitarian Challenges, Humanitarian Support and Human Protection in Armed Conflicts. Edited by Ekaterina Stepanova, . P. 54-66


DOI: 10.20542/2307-1494-2018-1-54-66

Tronc, Emmanuel
Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Harvard University
14 Story Street, 2nd Floor, Cambridge MA 02138 USA
etronc@hsph.harvard.edu 



Abstract

At present, the protracted nature of many conflicts raises profound dilemmas and issues for the humanitarian sector. Afghanistan, South Sudan, Libya, Syria, and Yemen in particular, resonate as long-term conflicts with long-term international presence, complicated by fragmentation and complex political influences, and without projected resolutions – all at the immense cost of the civilian population. Humanitarian response, built upon the fundamental, widely known and accepted international norms and rules, has significant and consequential operational limits and challenges to cope with. This article exposes some of the issues of international humanitarian deployments, access, the practical application of humanitarian principles, and the instrumentalization of aid. It also emphasizes the importance, even at the active conflict phase, of considering the long-term implications of aid by continuing to engage and invest in local community relationships and infrastructures to enable sustainable and impactful outcomes. 


Keywords

armed conflict, humanitarian aid, International Humanitarian Law (IHL), local actors, authoritarian regimes, humanitarian dilemmas, sustainable humanitarian action 


For citation:

Tronc E. The humanitarian imperative: compromises and prospects in protracted conflicts. Pathways to Peace and Security, 2018, no 1(54) Special Issue: Humanitarian Challenges, Humanitarian Support and Human Protection in Armed Conflicts. Edited by Ekaterina Stepanova, , pp. 54-66. DOI: 10.20542/2307-1494-2018-1-54-66