// Pathways to Peace and Security. 2017. No 1(52) Special Issue: Addressing Terrorism, Violent Extremism and Radicalization (perspectives from Russia and the United States). P. 205-212
Afghanistan and Pakistan actually constitute one contiguous zone of violent extremism that, until recently, was mainly represented by the Taliban. The contiguous nature of the Afghan-Pakistani areal of violent extremism is largely explained by the prevalence of the Pashtuns among the Taliban and close ties
between the Pashtu tribes living on both sides of the Afghan-Pakistani border. Since the mid-2010s, the presence of adherents of the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL) has become another complicating factor. The Central Asian region that borders Afghanistan has for decades served as a potential area for
expansion of the Afghan-Pakistani arc of extremism and terrorism in the northern direction. If ISIL is driven out of Syria and Iraq, the region addressed in this article may become an even larger and more dangerous hotbed of violent extremism. This prospect enhances the role and importance of cooperation between Russia and the United States on antiterrorism in this part of the world.
Afghanistan, Pakistan, Central Asia, violent extremism, terrorism, Taliban, ISIL, Pashtun tribes, Russia, USA, China
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