Right-wing terrorism in the West: radicalization and decentralization

Right-wing terrorism in the West: radicalization and decentralization
// Pathways to Peace and Security. 2017. no 1(52) Special Issue: ADDRESSING TERRORISM, VIOLENT EXTREMISM AND RADICALIZATION (perspectives from Russia and the United States). Edited by Ekaterina Stepanova,. P. 125-137


DOI: 10.20542/2307-1494-2017-1-125-137


Abstract

The article examines the process of radicalization to terrorism on the political right in the West and in particular how that process has changed with access to the Internet. This is done through a general overview of the radicalization process, followed by a comparison between three specific incidents:
the 1995 Oklahoma City Bombing carried out by Timothy McVeigh, the 2011 massacre in Oslo, Norway, by Anders Behring Breivik, and Dylann Roof's 2015 attack on the Mother Emanuel Church in Charleston, South Carolina. Comparative analysis of these cases shows how the Internet and social media have allowed for decentralization of the radicalization process on the far right and the effects that the decentralization has had.


Keywords

radicalization, right-wing extremism, terrorism, racism, United States, Norway, group dynamics, lone wolves, leaderless resistance, decentralization, online radicalization


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For citation:

O’Neil A. Right-wing terrorism in the West: radicalization and decentralization. Pathways to Peace and Security, 2017, no 1(52) Special Issue: ADDRESSING TERRORISM, VIOLENT EXTREMISM AND RADICALIZATION (perspectives from Russia and the United States). Edited by Ekaterina Stepanova,, pp. 125-137. DOI: 10.20542/2307-1494-2017-1-125-137