// Pathways to Peace and Security. 2014. no 1(46). P. 50-74
The article analyses the on-going ethnonationalist insurgency in the Balochistan province of Pakistan, its geostrategic importance and interests of major players. Since 1947, the Baloch insurgency has gone through several stages, and the latest one started in 2006. Due to the protracted nature of the insurgency, the federal government and especially the armed forces consider Baloch insurgency as a no less, if not greater, threat then the ongoing war on terrorism in the Northwest areas. Balochistan’s strategic location and constant insurgency force Pakistan to maintain an extensive security apparatus in the province. Despite divisions among the insurgents, the armed forces still cannot foster peace and the federal and provincial governments have not been able to initiate development except Gawadar Port with help of China. There is a lack of coherent state policy on Balochistan and the local people see the government as a threat to their traditional way of life and as exploiter of natural resources.
Pakistan, Balochistan, nationalism, insurgency, regional powers, extra-regional powers, sardars (tribal chiefs), Federal Government, militant organizations, “Gateway to Central Asia”, transit area, army operation, autonomy, security apparatus, Asian Middle East, political resolution
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