Included in the:
Fields of scientific interest
Economic globalisation; international trade; national economic interests; foreign economic policy
Moscow State Institute of International Relations, 1977.
Speciality: international economic relations
Professor in World Economy (2007, IMEMO);
Doctor of Economic Sciences (1996, IMEMO);
Candidate of Economic Sciences (1985, VNIKI)
Senior Research Associate, Market Research Institute, Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations (VNIKI), 1978–1989;
Economist, V/O Sovfracht, Ministry of Merchant Marine of the USSR, 1978-1979.