Included in the:
Editor-in-Chief of the journal “The World Economy and International Relations” of Russian Academy of Science.
Graduated Moscow State Historical-Archive Institute, M.A. in Political History of Russia and Soviet Union, 1978; Moscow State Historical-Archive Institute, Ph.D. in History Archives, 1981.
Since 1992 has worked as political analyst and researcher of Post-Communist transformation of Russia. Known also as a commentator for media on Russian politics. As a consultant he participated in different electoral and political campaigns.
Since 1999 till 2013 worked as a Scholar-in-Residence at Carnegie Moscow (Russian domestic policy and Comparative studies of Post-Communist transformation in the CIS countries, since 2009 East-East program, simultaneously since 2010 chairman of Russian part of Black Sea Peacebuilding Network” project); expert at Gorbachov-Foundation (Russian domestic policy and Post-Soviet politics) since 1993.
Deputy-Chief Editor of Historical-Political science Journal "Centaur", 1993-1996; Deputy Chief Editor of Journal "Vestnik of Moscow State University, Political Sciences", 1994-1998.
Since October 2002 Editor-in-Chief “World Economy and International Relations”- Journal of IMEMO.